Old age brings reduced immunity in the body. Thus, the elderly may be subject to a couple of disorders which do not commonly affect the younger people. Reduced physical exercise, reduced social interactions, and change in the physiological functioning of the body among the seniors are the main contributing factors to occurrence of several disorders.
What are the Common Disorders in Older People?
There are several disorders which are common among the older people in the population. These disorders include the following:
Younger people may run through tearful, withdrawn, and unhappy moments of life. However, the ability to socially interact and retain their bodies as physically active helps them to prevent suffering from depression.
For the elderly, anxiety, confusion, and forgetfulness lead to series of uncontrolled and severe stress among them. Also, low social interaction and reduced physical fitness intensifies the case making them suffer from depression.
2) Heart Attack
Older people may experience chest pain which is associated with abdominal pain and difficulties in breathing. Heart attack poor diet and anxiety may all lead to heart attack among the older people.
These conditions are usually associated with overactive and underactive performance of the thyroid glands. The two conditions may also affect the immune system of the body as the body aims at making antibodies that will help in regulating
Nearly half of the elderly population suffers from arthritis. Arthritis is highly linked with disability among the older people especially feet and legs disabilities. It is usually caused by inactivity and reduced physical exercises among the elderly which leads to pain in the joints and parts of the feet.
5) Osteoporosis and Falls
Over 40 million of adults who are over 50 years have osteoporosis and low bone mass. The condition is caused by reduced calcium intake, smoking, and reduced vitamin D intake. The condition may be prevented and controlled by healthy behaviors and timely treatment.
According to a research by Brangman, as women age, their risk in contracting cervical cancer reduces significantly as the likelihood to contract endometrial cancer increase. Also, the research showed that the risk of contracting prostate cancer among men increases with age. Other cancers such as lung cancer, colon cancer, and even skin cancer are also associated with intensified risk at old age.
7) Vision and Hearing Loss
As age intensifies, various eye diseases become common. These include: muscular degeneration, diabetic retinopathy, cataract, and glaucoma conditions. Hearing loss is also common among the older people, they need care better. Research shows that from 40 years of age, individuals are exposed to a higher risk of contracting vision and hearing loss. Unhealthy lifestyle behaviors such as smoking and also use of unhealthy foods are associated with increased the risk of contracting the condition.
8) Alzheimer’s’ Disease
This is a condition that is characterized by memory loss and also reduced mental functioning. This case intensifies progressively as age increases. Over 5.5 million people who 65 years or older are are suffering from Alzheimer’s disease in US today.
There are numerous common disorders which affect older people. These disorders can be remedied through healthy eating, physical exercises, and increased social interaction among the elderly people.